Born Kathleen Eileen Moray, the youngest of five children, at Brownswood, near Enniscorthy in County Wexford, Ireland. The children are later renamed Gray after their mother’s wealthy, aristocratic family.
Studies at the Slade School of Art in London and visits the International Exposition in Paris with her mother.
Moves to Paris with friends from the Slade to continue her painting studies.
Returns to London to care for her mother during an illness, begins studying lacquer technique at a workshop in Soho.
Back in Paris she studies with the Japanese lacquer craftsman, Seizo Sugawara. The following year she moves into an apartment on rue Bonaparte.
Exhibits lacquer work at the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and is commissioned by her first important client, the couturier Jacques Doucet.
Spends World War I in London with Sugawara working from a studio in Chelsea.
Returning to Paris, Gray creates her first complete interior for an apartment on rue de Lota, which leads to other commissions for lacquerwork and interiors.
Opens Galerie Jean Désert in collaboration with the architecture critic Jean Badovici to sell rugs, furniture and lighting. Introduces tubular steel to her furniture.
Exhibits the Boudoir-bedroom de Monte-Carlo at the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs. Encouraged by favourable press comment, she begins small-scale architecture studies.
Begins construction of her second house, Tempe à Pailla.
At Le Corbusier’s invitation, exhibits her plans for a Vacation Centre in his Pavilion des Temps Nouveaux at the Paris Exposition. Gray does not attend the opening and begins a long period of reclusion.
During World War II Tempe à Pailla is looted and the flat in Saint-Tropez where Gray stored many of her posessions is bombed. Isolated in Provence, Gray’s wartime work is limited to gouaches, unrealised architectural schemes and revisions of her furniture.
Begins construction of her third house, Lou Pérou, near Saint-Tropez.
After years of neglect, Gray’s work is the subject of an article by Joseph Rykwert in Domus magazine.
Exhibitions of Gray’s architecture are organised in Graz and Vienna.
The revival of interest in Gray is enhanced by an auction in Paris of the contents of Jacques Doucet’s apartment and an exhibition at the Royal Institute of British Architects in London. Zeev Aram reproduces three pieces of her furniture.
Eileen Gray dies in her apartment on rue Bonaparte in Paris.